Why Should I Use Nitrous?

The Glory of Giggle Gas Explained

Question: I’ve heard that NOS is the easiest way to boost power, I wanted to know if that was true and how nitrous actually works.

Answer: Great question!  You can learn a lot “through the grapevine” but it’s always important to do your research.  Nitrous is considered to be the cheapest power-adder available, but it’s important to understand how it changes your car’s performance before you go all gas-happy…

The History Behind the Ha-has

 

Image Courtesy of Wikimedia.org

Image Courtesy of Wikimedia.org

Nitrous oxide was first “discovered” by an English minister/chemist named Joseph Priestly, in 1772.  For years, it was touted for its use as a medical anesthetic until the convenience and potency of chloroform and ether made it largely obsolete.  Later, the German Luftwaffe (Air Force) used it to boost performance of their high-altitude plane engines during World War II.  Although the Germans only used nitrous on specialized bombers and high-altitude aircraft, the technology was later adapted for use in automotive applications. After being banned by NASCAR in the 1950’s, nitrous made its debut on the drag racing scene in the 1970’s.  The term “NOS” is actually an acronym for “Nitrous Oxide Systems” – the company that pioneered the use of nitrous oxide as a power-adder for cars and motorcycles and made the technology available to the average shade-tree mechanic.  Thanks to the Fast and Furious films, “NOS” has now become synonymous with nitrous oxide.

Spray Specifics

 

Image courtesy of lh3.ggpht.com

Image courtesy of lh3.ggpht.com

History class is over, folks, so slap on those safety goggles and get ready for some chemistry!  There are two types of gas, nitrous oxide for medical use is referred to as “U.S.P.” and is not available to the public. The other type, “Nitrous Plus”, is used for all non-medical applications, and contains a small amount of sulfur dioxide to deter recreational use.  Nitrous Oxide (N2O) consists of 2 nitrogen atoms and one oxygen atom (33% oxygen), which is a much higher concentration than regular air (about 20% oxygen).  The heat from the engine breaks the molecules apart, giving your engine an extra boost of oxygen – add some extra fuel to compliment that extra O2 and now you’re cookin’ with gas! Er… pun intended.  More oxygen + more fuel = more power, and we all like that!  As if that wasn’t enough, the N2O also boosts hp by cooling the inlet temperature – about 50-70 degrees.  Considering horsepower increases 1% for every 10 degrees the inlet temp drops, your pony is gaining an additional 5-7%.  However –nitrous is not all sunshine and rainbows – because you are forcing more air and more fuel into the combustion chamber, combustion temperature and cylinder pressure is going to increase dramatically.  This makes it imperative that you follow the directions and recommendations from your nitrous kit. Failure to do so could end very very badly.

Wet Vs. Dry

There are two types of nitrous kits/systems, wet-injected and dry-injected.  In a dry-injected system, N2O is sprayed into the intake while increasing fuel pressure to supply the additional fuel needed.  Relatively inexpensive and easy to install, dry kits are great for first-timers and naturally aspirated motors (especially those with a return-style fuel system), but are not recommended for any forced-induction application.  Wet systems are considered to be safer than dry because they mix the nitrous and fuel prior to combustion, decreasing the chance for detonation, and are the better choice for forced induction cars.  They require more time and skill to install, but are much easier to fine-tune and can produce bigger horsepower gains.  It is important that ALL nitrous systems are carefully monitored, as an accidental detonation could end in melted pistons or your intake manifold blown into hundreds of pieces.

Shots, Anyone?

You thought you were going to get a free drink out of us, didn’t you?  Nitrous shot size has nothing to do with booze ; it actually refers to the approximate amount of horsepower you gain from the amount of nitrous sprayed, and our Zex kits come with jets ranging from 55 to 175 (depending on the application).  “Plug-and-play” performance chips are not recommended with nitrous systems, but a custom-tuned flash tuner is always a helpful addition.  If you have mostly bolt-on mods, your stock fuel system should be able to handle the nitrous with no problems, however you will have to upgrade your spark plugs (the manufacturer of your nitrous kit can give you specific recommendations).  Nitrous is a great power-adder, it’s relatively inexpensive and easy to install, but as with any modification, do your research, and be careful – there are grave consequences for throwing caution to the wind, especially with regards to nitrous.  Manufacturers like Zex can provide more information, and our AM reps are always available to assist you as well.  Happy Gassing!

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  • Jay

    good info… high compression + n2o = giggle giggle…

  • Larkey

    Nice to see someone actually promoting NX. Allot of people where I live bash on it. If thought through and used correctly nitrous can actually be much more safe than people tend to believe. Fast and Furious probably has contributed to this…

  • garrett

    i heard this may decrease your engine life, is this true?

    • http://www.americanmuscle.com/ Heather

      Nitrous does increase the load on your engine when in use, but if your system is installed/tuned correctly with an appropriate shot size (and used responsibly), it should not decrease the life of your engine.

  • Robert Estes

    I swap my automatic trans for a T5 do i need to change the computer or harness, please help
    95 mustang GTS

  • HWEB

    Where do you fill a Nitrous bottle? I assume they run out of gas sometime

    • Jarrod

      “most” performance shops have a fueling station for your bottle. I live in a town with less than 80,000 people, and there are three places to fuel up.

    • http://www.americanmuscle.com/ Heather

      HWEB – Jarrod is correct, some performance/speed shops can refill bottles for you. If the can’t, they can at least point you in the right direction.

  • Billy

    Nos are for people who want the ez way to get more speed and hp for less.Upgrade your mustang slowly, give it time and you get better upgrades than nos. Nos is the sissy way out, don’t be like the ricers and use it. Make your mustang pure muscle, not fake.

    • Jarrod

      See i see it the opposite………spend $4k plus on a blower/turbo setup, or buy a quality and SAFE nitrous system for $900, and use the other $3100 plus to spend on other mods. I run the NX throttle plate setup with a 100 shot on my 02 GT. It is tuned with the Sniper tuner, and i have NEVER had an issue. Plus with that extra money i can build a strong rear end, cams, heads, manifold, clutch, ect. Plus i can “giggle” when i beat up on a blower/turbo setup. But that’s just me

      • Dyno Don

        You won’t be giggling when you blow out the bottom end of your engine from nitrous overuse. Same results as an improperly set up blower or turbo.

        • Harbin

          Nitrous overuse? Comparing amount of use in forced induction vs nitrous. Nitrous is a on/off power adder used only when wanted. Forced induction is always on the motor and always on. So during any decent throttle boost is built and wear is done. Nitrous is longer lasting when tuning is correct because its only on when the switch is up unlike the always running supercharger/turbo

          • Dyno Don

            With that kind of power increase available at the flip of a switch, most gearheads are going to want to use it as often as possible. Turbos usually don’t kick in until 3000 rpms.

  • Noel R.

    Billy said it a little harsh, but I agree with him. This website is called “American Muscle.” Call me old-fashioned, but I like the sound and feel of raw, American muscle cars. I don’t see this image with a NO2 kit installed. Racers might like it, but for muscle car enthusiasts like myself, I see no need for it.

    • Jimi H.

      I’m with Noel.

      • Matt

        I guess supercharger and turbos arnt your thing either. Thats cool I have alot of respect for all motor cars but I think as new upgrades become avaible you should take hold of it. Nitrous has really just been bashed by fast and the furious but if you use it right and are safe with it, its a bottle full of sunshine.

        Good wrightup

        • Billy

          When using nos you only have the extra boost of hp when you bottle is filled. Where as if you put supercharger and turbos, you will have a steady boost of hp. You bottle of sunshine will soon become no-shine when you use it all up. Those turbo can run it all day and night with not fear of it running out… Upgrade all the way, that my sunshine….

  • Steve

    I didn’t take chemistry, and I’m no scientist, nor am I a mechanic, but if it was a simple as cooling the intake and adding some oxygen, wouldn’t it make sense to just put in an O2 tank and use the AC to cool what it can for the intake? I mean, I may be reading it a little too literally, but I can’t help but think there is a little more than just the afore mentioned attributes.

    • Jeremy

      The horsepower lost by running the AC more than offsets any possible gains by cooling. 1st Law of Thermo -> There is no free lunch. AC’s remove heat from the cabin, that heat ends up in the engine compartment.

  • blue_rocks

    cool im so using nos in my mustang!!!!!!

  • http://www.google.com Voncile Mention

    I’m perplexed utterly and this whole thought of this subject scares me and I wish to get my pea brain around it before I move ahead if you know what I mean.